EDUCATION

1998 Northwestern University, Kellogg Graduate School of Management
Ph.D. in Finance

1992 Oberlin College
B.A. in Economics

TEACHING EXPERIENCE

2014 – Present Cal Poly San Luis Obispo
Orfalea College of Business
San Luis Obispo, CA
Lecturer in Economics

BUSINESS EXPERIENCE

2018 – Present Pismo Beach Planning Commission

2015 – Present Crowninshield Financial Research

2009 – 2015 Gnarus Advisors/Berkeley Economic Consulting

2008 – 2009 LitiNomics

2004 – 2008 CRA International

2000 – 2003 National Economic Research Associates, Inc.

1998 – 2000 Cornerstone Research

1992 – 1993 Federal Reserve Bank

PAPERS AND PUBLICATIONS

“The Impact of Underwriter Reputation on Equity Offering: An Empirical Study.” Thesis, 1999.

“The Long-Run Performance of Underwriters and its Impact on Seasoned Equity Offerings.” 1999.

“Dynamic Measures of Underwriter Reputation: A Study of IPO’s.” 1999.

“CAFE Economics: A Note on the Limits and Effectiveness of Fuel Economy Regulation.” With Stephen Sheppard, 1992.

“Trading Models Underestimate Securities Class Damages.” with Narinder Walia, Law360, 2019.

“More ‘Dark Pools” Deepen Litigation Issues.” Law360, 2013.

“Recent Trends in Securities Class Action Litigation: Will Enron and Sarbanes-Oxley Change the Tides.” with Elaine Buckberg, Todd Foster and Ronald Miller, 2003.

“The Effects of the PSLRA and Subsequent Events on Securities Litigation.” With Fred Dunbar and Todd Foster, prepared for the New York City Bar Association, 2003.

“The Energy Tax: Who Pays?” joint with Mark Schweitzer, in Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland’s Economic Commentary, 1993.

PRESENTATIONS

“Cause or Effect: Are Settlement Statistics Driving Down Settlements?” Presentation to Robbins Geller Rudman & Dowd, LLP in San Diego, CA on October 10, 2013, Wolf Popper, LLP in New York, NY on September 18, 2013, Abraham, Fruchter & Twersky, LLP in New York, NY on September 17, 2013, Robbins Geller Rudman & Dowd, LLP in Melville, NY on September 11, 2013, Entwistle & Cappucci, LLP in New York, NY on September 10, 2013, and Faruqi & Faruqi, LLP in New York, NY on September 10, 2013.

“The Economics of Securities Litigation.” Sidley & Austin in Los Angeles, CA on March 14, 2007.

“The Global Cost of Capital.” Panel discussion on valuing assets in foreign countries at the University of Texas School of Law VALCON conference in Las Vegas on February 8, 2007.

“Economic Damages in Securities Fraud Matters.” NERA Luncheon Seminars with Alan Cox given at the Fifth Avenue Suites Hotel in Portland, OR on November 19, 2002 and at the W Hotel in Seattle, WA on November 20, 2002.

“Shareholder Class Actions: Calculation of Damages.” Presentation to Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom, LLP in San Francisco, CA on October 30, 2002, Marsh FINPRO in San Francisco, CA on September 18, 2002, Marsh Risk & Insurance Services in San Diego, CA on September 17, 2002 and Marsh FINPRO in Los Angeles, CA on September 13, 2002.

“Capital Formation: Class Action Litigation and Prevention.” Speech and panel discussion focusing on securities class action litigation, which sometimes arise from initial public offerings and/or market volatility in the aftermarket. Presented at the 2002 CALBIO Summit in San Diego, CA on April 23, 2002.

“Shareholder Class Actions after the NASDAQ Bubble.” Speech given to the Securities Litigation Sub-Committee of the Colorado Bar Association at Holland & Hart, LLP in Denver, CO on April 17, 2002.

“Trends in Litigation: How Claims and Losses Are Valued.” Speech at the American Bankers Association Insurance Risk Management Annual Conference in San Diego, CA on February 4, 2002.

“Recent Trends in Securities Litigation.” “Basic Economic Analysis in Securities Class Action” and “Challenging the Efficient Market Assumption in Securities Class Action Matters.” presented to Cooley Godward in San Diego, CA on November 28, 2001.

“Recent Trends in Securities Litigation.” presentation with Marcia Mayer given at Howard, Rice, Nemerovski, Canady, Falk & Rabkin in San Francisco, CA on November 27, 2001.

“Recent Trends in Securities Litigation.” presentation given to Marsh USA in Denver, CO on November 8, 2001, and Thelen, Reid & Priest in Los Angeles, CA on November 6, 2001.

“Financial Economics in Litigation.” speech presented to Simpson, Thacher & Bartlett in Palo Alto, CA on July 31, 2001, Baker & McKenzie in San Diego, CA on July 18, 2001, Brobeck, Phleger & Harrison in San Francisco, CA on June 25, 2001 and to Latham & Watkins in San Francisco, CA on June 26, 2001.

“Economic Analysis in Securities Fraud Cases.” Speech with Alan Cox delivered to Morrison & Forester, San Francisco, CA on July 25, 2001.

“Recent Trends: Shareholder Class Actions Five Years After the PSLRA.” speech presented to Shearman & Sterling in San Francisco, CA on May 23, 2001, O’Melveny & Myers in Los Angeles, CA on May 30, 2001 and Gray, Cary, Ware & Freidenrich in San Diego, CA on June 6, 2001.

EXPERT REPORTS AND TESTIMONY

George Barney, et al. v. Nova Lifestyle, Inc., et al. Issued a declaration on market efficiency (2021) in a securities class action (District of California).

Peter Voulgaris, et al. v. Array Biopharma Inc., et al. Issued a declaration on market efficiency (2021) and provided deposition testimony (2021) in a securities class action (District of Colorado).

In re Innocoll Holdings Public Limited Company Securities Litigation. Issued a report (2020), provided deposition testimony (2020) on market efficiency, and issued a rebuttal report (2020) in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Eastern District of Pennsylvania).

Michael Tietz, et al. v. Crytobloc Technologies Corp., et al. Issued a report on price impact in a securities class action (Supreme Court of British Columbia, 2020).

In re Global Brokerage, Inc. f/k/a/ FXCM Inc. Issued a report (2020), a rebuttal report (2020), provided deposition testimony (2020) and testified (2020) on market efficiency in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Southern District of New York).

In re Horsehead Holding Corp. Securities Litigation. Issued a report (2020) and provided deposition testimony (2020) on market efficiency in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. District of Delaware).

Bing Li, et al. v. Aeterna Zentaris, Inc., et al. Issued a declaration (2016), a report (2017), and provided deposition testimony (2017) on market efficiency in a securities class action. Issued a declaration (2019) a reply report (2019), and provided deposition testimony (2020) on loss causation and damages (U.S.D.C. District of New Jersey).

In re Patriot National Inc. Securities Litigation. Issued a declaration (2019) and a supplemental declaration (2019) on damages in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Southern District of New York).

Hamza Ramzan, et al. v. GDS Holdings Limited, et al. Issued a declaration on NASDAQ microstructure in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Eastern District of Texas, Marshall Division, 2019).

Ivan Nibur, et al. v. SandRidge Mississippian Trust I, et al. Issued a declaration (2018), a reply declaration (2018), a supplemental reply declaration (2018), and provided deposition testimony (2018) on market efficiency in a securities class action. Issued a declaration (2019) a rebuttal declaration (2019), and provided deposition testimony (2019) on loss causation and damages (U.S.D.C. Western District of Oklahoma).

In Re Insys Theraputics, Inc. Securities Litigation. Issued a report on market efficiency in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Southern District of New York, 2019).

In Re Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Securities Litigation. Issued a declaration (2019) and provided deposition testimony (2019) on market efficiency in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. District of Nevada).

Amanda Beezley et al. v. Fenix Parts, Inc., et al. Issued a declaration on market efficiency in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Northern District of Illinois, Eastern Division, 2019).

Michael Desta, et al. v. Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft, et al. Issued a declaration regarding benefits to firms that have ADRs listed in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Eastern District of New York, 2018).

Michael Desta, et al. v. Wins Finance Holdings Inc., et al. Issued a declaration (2018) and provided deposition testimony (2018) on market efficiency in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Central District of California).

Andrew Meyer, et al. v. Concordia International Corp., et al. Issued a declaration (2018), a reply declaration (2018), and provided deposition testimony (2018) on market efficiency in a securities class action. Issued a declaration (2018), a reply declaration (2018), and provided deposition testimony (2018) on loss causation and damages (U.S.D.C. Southern District of New York).

In re: K12 Securities Litigation. Issued a declaration (2018) and provided deposition testimony (2018) on market efficiency in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Northern District of California).

Robert Colman, et al. v. Theranos, Inc., et al. Issued a declaration on damage methodology and price impact in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Northern District of California, San Jose Division, 2018).

In re: CytRx Corporation Securities Litigation. Issued a declaration (2017) and provided deposition testimony (2018) regarding market efficiency in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Central District of California).

Lord Abbett Affiliated Fund, Inc., et al. v. American International Group, Inc. Issued a report regarding market efficiency, loss causation, and damages in a securities case (U.S.D.C. Southern District of New York, 2017).

Xiaolin Chi, et al. v. Qiao Xing Universal Resources, Inc., et al. Issued a report on damages in a securities class action (District Court of the Virgin Islands, St. Croix Division, 2017).

John Hosey v. Twitter, Inc., et al. Issued a declaration (2017) and provided deposition testimony (2017) regarding rebuttal to Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgement in a securities class action (Superior Court of the State of California, County of San Mateo).

Gwyn R. Hartman Revocable Living Trust v. Southern Michigan Bancorp, Inc. et al. Issued a report on damages arising from alleged exclusions in a proxy solicitation (U.S.D.C. Western District of Michigan, 2017).

Fred Kelsey, et al. v. Textura Corporation, et al. Issued a declaration (2017) and provided deposition testimony (2017) on market efficiency in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Northern District of Illinois).

Dave Carlton, et al. v. Fred Cannon. Issued a declaration on market efficiency in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Southern District of Texas, Houston Division, 2016).

James Middlemiss v. Penn West Petroleum LTD., et al. Issued a report on damages in a securities class action (Superior Court of Justice Ontario, Canada, 2016).

David Loritz, et al. v. Exide Technologies, et al. Issued a report on damages and loss causation in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Central District of California, 2015)

Manishkumar Khunt, et al. v. Alibaba Group Holding Limited, et al. Issued a declaration on potential investor damages in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Southern District of New York, 2015).

Biotechnology Value Fund, L.P. et al. v. Celera Corporation et al. Issued a report (2014), a reply report (2014), a supplemental report (2014), and provided deposition testimony (2014) on damages arising from a merger (U.S.D.C. Northern District of California).

In re: Hi-Crush Partners L.P. Securities Litigation. Issued a declaration (2014), a supplemental declaration (2014), and provided deposition testimony (2014) regarding market efficiency in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Southern District of New York).

Ian Mausner v. MarketByte LLC, et al. Issued a declaration about investment advisor incentives and liquidity needs in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Southern District of California, 2014).

Artes Medical, Inc. v. Lemperle et al. Provided deposition testimony on behalf of defendants about alleged damages caused by a proxy contest (Superior Court of the State of California, County of San Diego, Central District, 2013).

In re: Ebix Inc. Securities Litigation. Issued a declaration (2012) and provided deposition testimony (2013) regarding market efficiency in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Northern District of Georgia, Atlanta Division).

Erik Poole and William Rhody v. Alange Energy Corp., et al. Issued a report (2012) and a reply report (2013) on market efficiency and damages in a securities class action (Superior Court of Justice Ontario, Canada).

In re: Hecla Mining Securities Litigation. Issued a declaration on investor losses in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. District of Idaho, 2012).

Mark Henning, Roman Zaretski and Chrisitan Stillmark v. Orient Paper, Inc. et al. Issued a declaration (2011), a supplemental declaration (2012) and provided deposition testimony (2012) regarding market efficiency in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Central District of California).

Carlos Munoz et al. v. China Expert Technology, Inc., et al. Issued a declaration (2012), a supplemental declaration (2012) and provided deposition testimony (2012) in a securities class action regarding market efficiency (U.S.D.C. Southern District of New York).

Theodore Dean, et al. v. China Agritech, Inc., et al. Issued a declaration (2012), a supplemental declaration (2012) and provided deposition testimony (2012) in a case regarding market efficiency in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Central District of California).

Robert Michael Shenk, Derivatively on Behalf of Sirius XM Radio Inc. v. Melvin Alan Karmazin, et al. Issued an expert report (2011), a supplemental expert report (2012) and provided deposition testimony (2012) in a case involving damages in a shareholder derivative matter (U.S.D.C. Southern District of New York).

Pathway Investments Pty Ltd and Doystoy Pty Ltd v. National Australia Bank Ltd. Submitted a report on survey techniques, the efficient market hypothesis and liquidity in a securities class action (Supreme Court of Victoria at Melbourne, Australia, Commercial and Equity Division, Commercial Court, 2012).

Bruce Simmonds, Robert Grant and Gordon Moore v. Armtec Infrastructure Inc. et al. Issued a report on market efficiency and damages in a securities class action (Superior Court of Justice Ontario, Canada, 2011).

In re: BP plc. Securities Litigation. Issued a declaration regarding damages and materiality in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Southern District of Texas, Houston Division, 2010).

In re: Tripath Technology Inc., Debtor. Issued a report (2009) and provided deposition testimony (2010) regarding damages arising from Directors’ and Officers’ breach of fiduciary duty in bankruptcy court (U.S.D.C. Northern District of California, San Jose Division).

David Ainslie and Muriel Marentette v. CV Technologies et al. Issued a report estimating damages in a securities class action (Superior Court of Justice, Ontario, Canada, 2010).

Harry Stackhouse, on Behalf of Himself and All Others Similarly Situated v. Toyota Motor Corporation, et al. Issued a declaration regarding the relationship between Toyota’s U.S. stock price and Japanese stock price in a securities class action (U.S.D.C. Central District of California, 2010).

Phillip Elliot and William Kormos v. NovaGold Resources Inc., et al. Issued a declaration in a securities class action regarding trading volume in the U.S. versus Canada. (Superior Court of Justice, Ontario, Canada, 2010).

International Arbitration between a private equity firm and Chinese biotech company. Issued a report (2008) and testified (2009) before an International Arbitration Committee regarding the value of a private equity investment.

Arbitration between Albert Richards and Old Republic Title Insurance. Deposed regarding estimated damages incurred by plaintiff as a result of a forced sale of Russian securities due to Old Republic’s breach of contract (2008).

Californians United for a Responsible Budget, et al., v. California State Public Works Board, et al. Issued a report on the cost of issuing revenue bonds to fund California prison expansion (The Superior Court for the State of California, County of Sacramento, 2008).

Arbitration between Daniel Lyons and Morgan Lyons, and Chinese Hospital Association and Sam English. Deposed regarding plaintiffs’ calculated damages arising from asbestos exposure for plaintiff (2003).

ENGAGEMENTS

Securities and Finance

In re: China Medicine Corporation Securities Litigation. Retained by class counsel to estimate damages and determine market efficiency in a securities class action.

In re: Citigroup Inc. Securities Litigation. Testified as to damages and inflation in a securities class action.

In re: Bank of America Corp. Securities, Derivative, and Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) Litigation. Retained by class counsel as damages expert in a derivative securities class action.

Government of Guam Retirement Fund et al. v Countrywide Financial Corp, et al. Retained by class counsel to estimate damages in a securities class action.

Keith Cohn v. Sanford C. Bernstein & Co., LLC and Alliance Bernstein LP. Retained by client to testify on portfolio risk in a FINRA arbitration.

In re: Semgroup Energy Partners, L.P., Securities Litigation. Retained by Plaintiffs to estimate damages in a securities class action.

Asbestos Workers Philadelphia Pension Fund v. Merix Corporation, et al. Retained by Plaintiffs to evaluate fairness of merger between Merix and Viasystems.

Retained by Goldman Sachs to provide consulting on the IPO process, the valuation of securities at IPO and the possible impact of “tie-in” agreements on the pricing of IPOs for the purpose of analyzing class certification and damages.

Joseph Phelps Vineyards, Inc., et al., v Craig Williams, et al. Retained by Joseph Phelps Vineyards to estimate the value of the winery as part of arbitration.

UnitedHealth Group Option Backdating Investigation. Retained by a Special Litigation Committee formed by UnitedHealth Group’s board of directors to estimate harm caused by company’s decision to backdate options.

SEC v. Henry Nicholas, et al. Retained by founder of Broadcom to estimated harm caused by company’s decision to backdate options.

Enrico Bondi on behalf of Parmalat S.p.A. v. Bank of America et al. Hired by Bank of America to rebut damage arguments regarding Bank of America’s role in Parmalat’s eventual bankruptcy.

Capital Trading Co. v. Conor Medsystems. Retained to analyze a fairness opinion issued by Citigroup regarding the price offered by Johnson & Johnson to acquire Conor.

Enron Solvency. Retained by the surviving Enron Corporation to estimate the value of its assets for litigation purposes.

SEC v. Spear Leeds Kellogg (Goldman Sachs.) et al. Estimated damages associated with trading ahead allegations made by the SEC on behalf of Goldman market makers on the New York Stock Exchange, American Stock Exchange, Philadelphia Stock Exchange and the Chicago Board of Options Exchange.

General Fire and Casualty co. et al. v. Guy Carpenter and Co., Inc. Hired by defendant to rebut allegations that it had given incorrect advice to the plaintiff regarding reinsurance contracts.

R.D. Hubbard v. Pinnacle Entertainment, Inc. Analyzed the value of options granted and later rescinded on behalf of our client, the defendant.

Thomas Slemmer, et al. v. Cucamonga Valley Water District, et al. Estimated the value of restricted stock in a mutual water company.

Department of Labor v. Genuity (investigation). Assisted Genuity in an investigation by the Department of Labor as to whether or not Genuity stock was a safe investment for Genuity’s pension fund. Investigation was dismissed.

Jason Stanley, et al. v. Safeskin Corporation, et al. Estimated damages and consulted on materiality for defendant in a securities class action.

Nanogen, Inc. v. Donald D. Montgomery and CombiMatrix Corporation. Estimated damages for defendant in cross complaint over a failed IPO resulting from plaintiff’s claims of patent infringement in genomic industry.

Conseco, Inc. Securities Litigation. Retained by defendants to calculate damages in a securities class action matter.

Madison/OHI Liquidity Investors, LLC v. Omega Healthcare Investors. Estimated damages to Madison’s investment funds as a result of the early termination of a debt facility.

Barbara Rosen, et al. v. Macromedia, Inc., et al. Prepared rebuttal analyses in securities class action suit on behalf of Macromedia.

Karen Yarborough v. PeopleSoft, Inc. and Does 1-20. Calculated value of stock option package in wrongful termination suit on behalf of PeopleSoft.

Michael Carabetta v. Novadigm, Inc., et al. Did analysis of damages to a former company insider on behalf of Novadigm. Estimated value of lost options and salary.

Allen T. Gilliland Trust, et al. v. H&F MobileMedia Partners, LLC, et al. Engaged by auditors to analyze plaintiffs’ decision to affirm a prior transaction.

California Federal Bank v. United States. Estimated damages caused by government in breach of contract case on behalf of Cal Fed.

LaSalle Talman v. United States. Estimated damages caused by government in breach of contract case on behalf of LaSalle Talman.

Intellectual Property

Transocean v. Maersk. Retained by Maersk to defend claims of patent infringement in case involving oil drilling technology.

Abbott Laboratories, et al. v. Sandoz, Inc. Retained on behalf of Abbott to estimate patent infringement damages as a result of Sandoz’s decision to introduce a generic drug prior to the expiration of a patent.

LG Phillips LCD Co., LTD v. Tatung, Chunghwa Picture Tubes, et al. Provided rebuttal analysis for defendants in a patent infringement case dealing with LCD technology.

PostX Corporation v. Secure Data in Motion, Inc. d/b/a/ Sigaba Corporation. Calculated damages arising from tortuous interference and patent infringement in the secure document delivery market. Client was victorious on both complaint and cross-complaint.

Larkspur Data Resources, Inc. v. Trust Administrators, et al. Assisted plaintiff in calculating damages in trademark and copyright infringement case involving proprietary databases.

Dioptics Medical Products, Inc. v. The Cooper Companies, Inc.; CooperVision, Inc.; A. Thomas Bender; and Does 1-15. Retained by plaintiff to calculate damages in a copyright infringement case over naming of eyewear.

Intel Corporation v. Broadcom Corporation. Retained by Broadcom to estimate damages alleged by Intel based on charges of patent infringement.

Australia Vision Services Pty. Ltd. v. Dioptics Medical Products, Inc., Henry Lane, and individual, and Does 1-10. Estimated profits lost by Dioptics as a result of a competitor’s allegations of patent infringement.

American Booksellers Association, Inc. v. Barnes & Noble, et al. Worked on analysis of publisher discounts and analysis of openings and closings of bookstores on behalf of Borders.